“Industrial revolution – transition to green economy” is one of the most important panel sessions, held at the VI Astana Economic Forum.
At the forum the President announced the adoption of the Concept for Kazakhstan’s transition to “green” economy. The Minister of Environment Protection Nurlan Kapparov said this initiative is beneficial in many ways. According to the Government’s estimations, economic effect of “green” modernization will create 400-600 000 new jobs by 2030, and additional three-percent GDP growth by 2050.
The “green” course will be based on five key principles, in particular, the “Resource Efficiency”, “New generation technologies”, “Social benefits”, “Market price of resources”, and the “New ways of thinking and education”.
It is planned to restore water and land resources, reduce emissions into atmosphere, create a modern industry for disposal of domestic and industrial wastes.
– We will reduce energy intensity by 30% by 2030 and by 50% – in 2050 the share of the total production of alternative and renewable energy sources will be increased up to 50% by 2050, the minister said.
UN Deputy Secretary-General – Executive Secretary of the UN Economic Commission Sven Alkalaj said transition to the “green” economy is the third industrial revolution, which is discussed much lately. We have to build a model where the renewable resources will be used without any harm to the environment. If we keep consuming thoughtlessly as before, the ecosystem will be destroyed completely.
Vice-President of the European Investment Bank (EIB) Wilhelm Molterer believes the “green” economy alone is able to give an adequate response to the crisis. He talked on the bank’s support for environment protection projects, for example, in Bucharest, with the participation of the EIB, a thermal power plant is under construction to supply power in 20 000 apartments and reduce the cost of utilities. There are also some projects in Finland and Egypt.
The head of the ESCAP Sub-regional Office for North and Central Asia Nikolai Pomoshchnikov talked on the same issues and offered to act together.
– Joint partnership can reduce risks, associated with transition to “green” economy, – he said.
The managing director of Carbon Limit company T. Hoagland brought up compliance of the dependence on cheap energy on the one hand, and the “green” growth – on the other. In this regard, the expert noted that radical strategies are always associated with some challenges and risks. Therefore, staking on alternative energy sources such as wind and helium stations, a back-up power is need. After all, there are not always sunny and windy days.
Another important aspect is competitiveness of the new generating capacities. In this regard, the natural gas is the most profitable source in the “green” economy context. But even the gas can not hold competition to coal – traditional source of power of Kazakhstan thermal stations.
N. Kapparov said “green” modernization requires involvement of joint public and private investments of up to 2% of GDP annually.
Vice-Minister of Economy and Budget Planning Madina Abylkasymova, director of the Munich office of McKinsey & Company Martin Stuchtey, Dr Promode Kant- director of the Institute of Green Economy and others made presentations at the meeting.